Location factor high-speed Internet
"The enormous importance for Germany as a business location makes the expansion of fiber optics an interesting class of asset whose potential is far from exhausted."
February 2019 – When it comes to the future of broadband service, the industrial and export nation of Germany is at risk of being left behind. Especially outside of metropolitan centres, the network is slow. But innovative companies want to change that. They concentrate on high-tech, streamlined structures, private capital, and expect just one thing from the state: clear framework conditions. As one of the earliest pioneers, Hamburg Commercial Bank has greater familiarity with the specific financial conditions than virtually any other financial institution. Also in Austria, the Europe-wide taillight in fiber optic expansion, fast data connections are now gaining ground, e.g. with project Cybercits.
A mere 2.4 percent. That’s how high, or perhaps we should say low, the percentage of fibre-optic connections is here, according to the Association of Telecommunications and Value-Added Services (VATM e.V.). The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) quotes an even lower number of 2.3 percent (see graphic). A comparison: In Sweden, 62 percent of all private households surf with the fastest Internet speed. In Latvia, it is around 65 percent and in South Korea nearly 77 percent.
Country ranking by percentage of households with fibre-optic network service
Source: OECD, December 2017
Germany is a far cry from having widespread coverage of the ultra fast fibre-optic network, which is capable of data transfer rates in the terabyte range. What's more, quick investments in this area are now more urgent than ever: According to forecasts by Germany’s Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, the entire domestic IP data traffic will increase sixfold between 2015 and 2025, while mobile data traffic will increase by a factor of 18. You don’t have to be an engineer to know that this would be impossible if the existing capacity and data speeds remain unchanged.
The breakthroughs and market effects of Industry 4.0, 3D printing, telemedicine and electromobility are too radical. All of these megatrends are changing the face of the global economy and, while posing some risk, also present German’s globally situated middle class with far more opportunities. That is, if one basic requirement is met: Without fast networks, Germany’s companies, which often have to make due with data speeds of 50 MBit per second, won’t be able to benefit from the new technologies. Digital channels are the trade routes of the 21st century. High speed networks are as critical for today’s digital economy as electricity networks and railways were for industrial development.
The federal government is responsive and, given how crucial Germany’s digital infrastructure is to securing its future potential and ability to foster innovation, it wants to “continue to increase funding as necessary”. Currently, this means providing federal funds of nearly three billion euros per year starting in 2018. But improved coordination is at least as important as funding increases for regions with weak infrastructures. “The government often reacts in an uncoordinated manner to calls for help from mayors and county commissioners, who are concerned for the future of and employment opportunities in rural areas. The result is often subsidies granted in a scattergun fashion”, said Steffen Leiwesmeier, Head of Financing Digital Infrastructure at Hamburg Commercial Bank.
“The government often reacts in an uncoordinated manner to calls for help from mayors and county commissioners, who are concerned for the future of and employment opportunities in rural areas. The result is often subsidies granted in a scattergun fashion”, said Steffen Leiwesmeier, Head of Financing Digital Infrastructure at Hamburg Commercial Bank.
What is more: “In Germany, there is a comparatively traditional understanding of how investments in infrastructure are to be carried out. Usually the projects remain in state hands or are guided through subsidies. Only rarely are private partners on board. However, it is especially through cooperations between public and private partners that additional — and also high-volume — projects could be realised, thereby increasing the overall amount of investment”, explains Dr. Marcus Kleiner, Head of Origination, Infrastructure, and Logistics for Corporate Clients at Hamburg Commercial Bank. Since the mid-90s, his company has been engaged in financing infrastructural projects, from locomotives to train cars to data traffic. “We receive offers for projects throughout Europe nearly every other day. The ‘pipeline’ is absolutely full with around one billion euros.”
Also in Austria, Europe-wide taillight in fiber optic expansion, the "Cybercity" project has now equipped 20,000 households and business customers with broadband connections in one fell swoop. "This transaction is a landmark deal with high visibility in view of the strong growth in broadband and fibre optic expansion in Austria," says Kleiner. The aim of the "Cybercity" project by the Austrian broadband company Infotech, financed by Hamburg Commercial Bank, is the sustainable broadband supply of a total of more than 30 municipalities in the Innviertel, the northeasternmost district of Upper Austria.
Deutsche Glasfaser, a German fibre-optics company based in Borken in Westphalia, has demonstrated how to successfully invest and conduct business in the broadband sector when the legal and framework conditions are clear — and without using a penny of state funding. The company develops, builds, and operates fibre-optic. Civil engineers and craftsmen have already laid around 400,000 kilometres of fibre-optic networks. That is roughly the distance between the Earth and the moon.
“Our goal is to be Germany’s market leader in fibre-optic expansion”, says CFO Jens Müller. Deutsche Glasfaser began by serving primarily private customers. “In the future, we’d like to place more emphasis on corporate customers”, says Müller.
These dreams of growth require solid financing: Just recently, the company increased the third-party funding limit with its bank partners, which includes Hamburg Commercial Bank. Since mid-2015, Deutsche Glasfaser has been represented by the global investor KKR, which owns a majority share.
A critical factor in the company’s success was their focus on rural areas. “Using our direct fibre-optic connections, a rural village can easily outperform the Internet service available in any major Germany city”, said CFO Müller. In a survey of more than 1,400 companies conducted by the Association of Local Utilities (VKU: Verband kommunaler Unternehmen e.V.) in January 2017, local representatives expressed the hope that improvements to digital infrastructures could help stem Germany’s increasingly apparent rural exodus.
The faster the network in the rural regions, especially in the affluent suburbs of big cities, the more people that will move away from the high rents and property prices in the city centres. But no freelancers or digital workers will be tempted to move out of the city if the network in the village is sluggish. According to the VKU survey, the download speed in many communities is still significantly lower than 50 megabits per second. For nearly 65 percent of the companies surveyed, broadband expansion was clearly the biggest challenge facing their business.
At 100 Mbit per second, the fibre-optic networks are far from their potential maximum performance. One of their chief benefits is scalability: there is virtually no technical limitation on their potential speed and number of connections. It is possible to increase capacity at any time. “This feature is one of the most important factors for the success of a long-term infrastructure for the country’s digitalisation. And it’s also what makes the asset class so interesting for institutional investors such as banks, insurance companies, and pension funds”, says Steffm Leiwesmeier. Jens Müller from Deutsche Glasfaser is certain: “The potential for fibre-optic networks is very high. There will definitely not be a lack of demand for the expansion”.